About Autism

Autism is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain, impacting development in areas of social interaction and communications skills.  It is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and both children and adults with autism often show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities.

Autism statistics from the CDC identify around 1 in 68 American children as on the autism spectrum–a ten-fold increase in prevalence in 40 years. Studies show that autism is four to five times more common among boys than girls. An estimated 1 out of 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States.  One should keep in mind however, that autism is a spectrum disorder and it affects each individual differently and at varying degrees – this is why early diagnosis is so crucial.  Awareness of the signs of autism at an early age means a child can begin benefiting from one of the many specialized intervention programs now available.

 

For more information:

Autism Speaks

The Autism Society

UC San Diego Autism Center of Excellence